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Ayurveda Treatments | Panchakarma Treatments

Panchakarma is Ayurveda’s primary purification and detoxification treatment. Panchakarma means ‘five therapies’. These treatments/therapies are meant to eliminate toxins from the body and regain the doshic balance. They are :

  • Vamanam : medically induced emesis/ vomiting
  • Virechanam : medically induced purgation
  • Nasyam : procedure by which medicated oils/herbal juice etc are instilled in the nostrils
  • Niruha Vasthi : it is an enema therapy in which herbal decoctions, medicated oils/ghee, herbal pastes and other medicines are used. It is an ionic solution and considered the most important treatment among Panchakarmas.
  • Anuvasana Vasthi : Enema therapy using lipids (medicated oil / ghee)
  • Raktamokshana : therapeutic blood letting

Some of the popular treatment modalities in Ayurveda are :

  • Pizhichil/ Kayasekam : The word meaning of Pizhichil is “squeezing”. Pizhichil is done by pouring lukewarm medicated oils continuously to the whole body with simultaneous soft massage in a rhythmic manner. Two trained therapists under the supervision of a physician perform the treatment in a synchronized pattern
  • Njavarakizhi/ Shashtika Shali Pinda swedam : In this treatment, the whole body or any specific part of the body is made to perspire by the external application of certain medicated preparations in the form of boluses made of Njavara rice (special rice having medicinal values) cooked in certain herbal decoctions, milk and certain medicated powders according to the condition of the patient, tied up in muslin bags. Two therapists apply this for about 45 minutes all over the body in each session
  • Shirodhara : In this process, herbal oils, medicated milk (Ksheera Dhaara), medicated butter milk (Thakra Dhaara), etc., are poured on the forehead in a special manner (oscillatory movements) for about 45 minutes a day for a specified period as instructed by the physician
  • Udwarthanam : This is a special massage with herbal powder done for about 45 minutes daily for a specified period as instructed by the physician. Sometimes the powder will be mixed with herbal decoctions or juices and then massage is being done as per the condition of the patient
  • Abhyangam : Abhyangam (oil massage) which is an ancient Indian approach of using medicated oils for massaging the body in a rhythmic pattern adopted for healing, relaxation and treating various diseases and much emphasis is placed on the uses of different oils according to body type, season and health condition
  • Elakizhi/ Pathra Pinda Swedam : Leaves of herbs as well as whole herbs and herbal powders are made into a bolus in muslin cloth like a small bundle and give fomentation with hot medicated oils for 45 minutes per session. This continues for a specified period as instructed by the physician
  • Choorna Pinda Swedam : Choorna pinda sweda is a fomentation procedure done with the boluses of various medicated powders. It can be done as snigdha (with oil) or rooksha (dry) according to the condition
  • Snehapanam : Administering a person with a suitable medicated oil / ghee is called Snehana and when administered orally it is called snehapanam. Increasing amount of medicated ghee / oil (graded dose) is administered daily until proper signs of oleation is attained as a preparatory method to bio purificatory therapies
  • Maatravasthi : It is the procedure of oleation / oil therapy in which the medicated lipids( oil/ghee) are administered via the Anal route
  • Dhaanyamla Dhaara : This is the rhythmic pouring of a specially fermented decoction all over the body. Usually 2 therapists will perform the treatment for about 45 minutes
  • Lepanam : The procedure involves application of medicated paste either locally or all over the body based on the patient’s condition
  • Uttaravasthi : The process by which medicated oil / ghee is administered into uterus (in female) and urinary bladder (in male) for certain conditions
  • Avagaha swedam : The word means ‘to immerse’. This is a type of sudation / fomentation therapy in which the patient is made to sit in a tub containing medicated decoctions
  • Thala pothichil/ Shirolepanam : It is the application of medicated paste on the vertex / centre of head followed by bandaging for a specific period of time
  • Gandusha : It is the procedure of holding medicated oil/ decoction in the buccal cavity for a certain period without gargling
  • Kabala : Same as Gandusha. But here gargling should be done after holding for the specified period. Easy understanding is “Oil pulling”
  • Dhoomapanam : It is inhalation of medicated smoke from a lighted medicated wick

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